SpringerReference is an online brand of Major Reference Works from Springer Science + Business Media. It includes encyclopedias, handbooks, atlases and dictionaries across 10 scientific subject areas containing over 200,000 articles. SpringerReference is the world’s largest database of peer-reviewed and continually updated scholarly reference content.

Knowledge, information and quality – these are three forces that shape Springer’s business activities. We develop, manage and disseminate knowledge, through print and the Internet. We work with the world’s leading academics and authors including 150 Nobelists, bringing scholarly excellence and authoritative information to researchers and professionals.

SpringerReference represents the future of scholarly electronic publishing stressing the evolution, creation and dissemination of highly seamless, reliable and synthesized scientific knowledge.

SpringerReference brings together the world’s foremost experts as editors and authors in a collaborative, highly networked, knowledge-intensive and yet inclusive publishing paradigm. Through SpringerReference.com we offer scientists students, researchers and communities seeking definitive and authoritative scientific information and analysis, a comprehensive, elegant and ideal solution to their knowledge needs.

SpringerReference has a user-friendly interface that facilitates dynamic writing and editorial work, real-time updates, fast and easy publication, and high visibility to participating authors and editors. It is also powered by an intuitive, seamless search, retrieval and navigation function across all its reference content.

SpringerReference.com is an indispensable resource for scientists, researchers, students, clinicians, and industry professionals worldwide.