There are multiple types of Background checks that all involve reviewing past, recorded behavior:
- Job Applicants: When people apply for a position of trust (e.g., a school teacher, a lawyer, or bank teller) a background check is part of the way of determining if the applicant is suitable - a positive result. These are known as Applicant or Civil Background Checks. In the US:
- If there is a state or federal law requiring a national check then applicant fingerprints (with minimal supporting biographic information) can be submitted to the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for a search.
- If the applicants are seeking federal employment then their biographic data and fingerprints can be submitted to the FBI for a search.
- If the applicants are applying for a job not covered