This is the free portion of the full article. The full article is available to licensed users only.
How do I get access?

Homo Religiosus

The phrase, homo religiosus, refers to the idea that human existence is inherently religious. There is a long lineage of scholars that have proposed this idea, including Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831), Soren Kierkegaard (1813-1855), William James (1842-1910), Mircea Eliade (1907-1986), Rudolf Otto (1884-1939), Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834), Gerardus van der Leeuw (1890-1950), Karl Jaspers (1883-1969), Paul Tillich (1886-1995), Erich Fromm (1900-1980), Abraham Maslow (1908-1970), Erik Erikson (1902-1994), Langdon Gilkey (1919-2004), and David Tracy (1939-). The inherent religiosity, these and other theorists refer to is not a person's creedal beliefs or institutional commitments per se, but refers to our existential drive toward transcendence, freedom, and meaning-making, no matter the differences of religious or a/religious backgrounds or convictions.

Various phenomenologists of religion have helped us view religion as more than collective, institutional