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Quillaja saponaria Molina.

Family Rosaceae.
Habitat Indigenous to Chile and Peru; introduced in India in Ootacamund.
English Soap Bark, Quillaia Bark.
Action Bark-cutaneous stimulant. Its liquid extract is used as a lotion for certain skin diseases of the scalp, and in antiulcer preparations.

The detergent and medicinal properties of quillaia are due to the presence of haemolytic