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Curcuma longa Linn.

Synonym C. domestica Valeton.
Family Zingiberaceae.
Habitat Cultivated all over India, particularly in West Bengal, Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra.
English Turmeric.
Ayurvedic Haridraa, Priyaka, Haridruma, Kshanda, Gauri, Kaanchani, Krimighna, Varavarnini, Yoshitapriyaa, Hattavilaasini, Naktaahvaa, Sharvari.
Unani Zard Chob.
Siddha/Tamil Manjal.
Action Anti-inflammatory, cholagogue, hepatoprotective, blood-purifier, antioxidant, detoxifier and regenerator of liver tissue, antiasthmatic, anti-tumour, anticutaneous, antiprotozoal, stomachic, carminative. Reduces high plasma cholesterol. Antiplatelet activity offers protection to heart and vessels. Also protects against DNA damage in lymphocytes.
Key application In dyspeptic conditions. (German Commission