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Java Database Connectivity
Java Database Connectivity (JDBC)  is an Application Programming Interface (API) for the Java programming language that enables Java programs to execute Structured Query Language (SQL) statements and defines how an application accesses a database. JDBC provides methods to query and update data in a database. Different from ODBC (Open Database Connectivity), JDBC is oriented towards relational databases only.
JDBC (pronounced as separate letters) is similar to ODBC, but it is designed specifically for Java programs, whereas ODBC is language-independent. The Java Standard Edition includes the JDBC API as well as an ODBC implementation of the API enabling connections to any relational database that supports ODBC .
JavaSoft, a subsidiary of Sun Microsystems, developed JDBC. Since the release of Java Development Kit (JDK) 1.1, JDBC has been part of the Java Standard Edition. JDBC has been developed under the Java