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Fauth, Philipp Johann Heinrich

Born Bad Dürkheim, (Rheinland‐Pfalz, Germany), 19 March 1868

Died Gruenwald, Bavaria, Germany, 4 January 1941

Philipp Fauth was the last of the great lunar cartographers to rely principally on visual observations. The oldest of three children born into a long‐established family of pottery‐makers, his interest in astronomy was kindled at about the age of seven when he was awakened by his father and carried outside to see comet Coggia (C/1874 Q1) gleaming in the predawn sky. Like William Herschel , Fauth was a musical prodigy, having taken up the violin at the tender age of five. While music would remain a lifelong passion, Fauth chose to become a schoolteacher.

In 1890, Fauth established a private observatory atop a grass‐covered knoll on the outskirts of Kaiserslautern. His observatory was equipped with a refractor of 162‐mm aperture. In 1893 and again in 1895 he issued impressive monographs; the latter contained topographic charts of 25 selected regions