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Archenhold, Friedrich Simon

Translated by: Peter Nockolds

Born Lichtenau, (Hessen, Germany), 2 October 1861

Died Berlin, Germany, 14 October 1939

Astronomy popularizer Friedrich Archenhold completed his secondary education at the Realgymnasium in Lippstadt. In 1882, he began to study the natural sciences at the Friedrich Wilhelm University (now Humboldt University) in Berlin. There, Archenhold came under the influence of Wilhelm Förster, director of the Berlin University Observatory, who was committed to diffusing scientific knowledge among the public. In 1888, Förster and Archenhold cofounded the Urania Astronomical Society as an outreach function of the observatory.

From 1890 to 1895, Archenhold served as astronomer and manager of the Grunewald Observatory, a small station located outside the city of Berlin. In 1893, he began a campaign to construct a large telescope in Germany. Three years later, this was accomplished with construction of the longest refracting telescope in