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Inferior Turbinoplasty, Procedure

Synonyms

Inferior turbinate reduction; Turbinate cauterization; Turbinate outfracture; Turbinate submucous resection

Definition

Turbinoplasty encompasses a variety of surgical techniques for reducing the nasal turbinates – usually targeted at the inferior turbinates.

Purpose

The purpose of these procedures is to volumetrically reduce the inferior turbinates to restore nasal patency in patients with inferior turbinate hypertrophy. The various techniques utilize distinct technologies that optimize turbinate position and reduce the size of the turbinate.

Principle

Nasal turbinates are shelves of nasal tissue projecting into the nasal airway comprised of bone, erectile capacitance tissue, a submucosal glandular lamina propria, and respiratory epithelium. The inferior turbinate is the largest turbinate in humans and can become swollen and cause obstruction in response to aeroallergens, environmental irritants, and neuropsychiatric triggers. Middle