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Functional Independence Measure
The FIMTM is an 18-item measure of functional independence that yields a motor, cognitive, and total score.
The FIMTM is one of the most frequently used outcome measures in stroke rehabilitation trials (Sangha et al., 2005) and studies of people with traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Nichol et al., 2001; Williams, Robertson & Greenwood, 2004). It is used in many other clinical populations including multiple sclerosis (Brosseau & Wolfson, 1994), spinal cord injury (Jackson et al., 2008), acute medical admissions (Buurman, van Munster, Korevaar, de Haan, & de Rooij, 2011), and general injuries (Polinder et al., 2010).
The Functional Independence Measure (based on the Barthel Index) was developed in the early 1980s as the central disability scale of the Uniform Data System for Medical Rehabilitation in the USA to provide a metric of the burden of care and rehabilitation outcomes (Keith, Granger, Hamilton & Sherwin,