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Fundamental Toxicology Methods and Resources for Assessing Water-relatedContamination

Abstract

This chapter provides a brief overview of basic toxicological methods and approaches which can be used by engineers in the field to make a rapid environmental risk determination. In addition, Internet sites which deal with specific contaminants, standard operating procedures, and methods for assessing deleterious effects on organisms living and depending on ecosystem resources are provided.

Introduction

When talking about a systems engineering approach to solving these problems, it is critical that humans be included as an integral part of the World Ecosystem and not as a separate component acting independently. Sustainability of freshwater water supplies is a major issue for both developed and developing countries. Decreasing freshwater water supplies, due in part to climate change and increasing population densities (Fig. 10.1), are a major threat to stability around the globe (Brown