This is the free portion of the full article. The full article is available to licensed users only.
How do I get access?

Anchor Ice

Definition

Anchor ice is formed on ground stones and other objects at the bottom of running water and thus remains attached or anchored to the ground. Ice crystals are formed and may coalesce or adhere to submerged objects like stones, marine organisms, rocks, man-made structures, etc. Anchor ice is most commonly observed in fast-flowing rivers