Azraq Oasis, Strengthening stakeholder representation in restoration, Jordan
The Azraq Oasis is an outstanding example of an oasis wetland in an arid region with a unique ecosystem and immense biological, cultural, and socioeconomic value. The Azraq area has a special historical importance; availability of water and wildlife made it a stopping point for trade caravans on the route between Hijaz and Levant. In modern times, settling in the area began at the start of the 20th century, when the revolutionaries used it as a main station during the Great Arab Revolution to liberate Damascus from the Ottoman domination.
Recognized as a Ramsar Site, the Wetland Reserve contains three major sub-ecosystems: a freshwater lake ecosystem; a marsh ecosystem with moderately saline waters and soils; and the Qa’a mudflat ecosystem, which now has highly saline waters and soils. Distribution of flora, fauna, and aquatic species varies according to each habitat.
The legendary Azraq Oasis