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New Zealand Maori, Tangata Whenua o Aotearoa.
Location and Linguistic Affiliation
Maori are the indigenous people of New Zealand. Of Polynesian descent, the first voyagers arrived in New Zealand around 1000ad in a series of planned migrations from Eastern Polynesia (probably Tahiti), by way of Rarotonga. Although there are minor tribal dialectal differences, there is a single Maori language that has similarities with other Polynesian languages especially Hawaiian, Tahitian, and Rarotongan.
Overview of the Culture
Maori society was essentially tribal. There were forty or fifty major tribes (iwi) and many more smaller tribal groups (hapu) who occupied specific territories and had distinctive customs and dialects, though subscribing to a single common language. While tribes were largely autonomous, complicated social networks were formed to gain political and strategic advantages and so leading to a dynamic set of interacting alliances.
Within all tribal