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Sex Cord-Stromal, Steroid Cell, and Other Ovarian Tumors with Endocrine, Paraendocrine, and Paraneoplastic Manifestations

Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors
Sertoli-Stromal Cell Tumors
Other Types of Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors
Sex Cord-Stromal Tumors During Pregnancy
Steroid Cell Tumors
Other Ovarian Tumors with Endocrine Function
Ovarian Tumors Associated with Paraneoplastic Syndromes
Miscellaneous Rare Conditions
References

Abstract

This category includes all ovarian neoplasms that contain granulosa cells, fibroblasts, theca cells (and their luteinized derivatives), Sertoli cells, Leydig cells, singly or in various combinations and in varying degrees of differentiation. Those who believe that all these cell types are derived from the "specialized stroma" of the genital ridge favor the term gonadal stromal tumors for these neoplasms [110]. Others, recognizing that many embryologists favor the participation of coelomic and mesonephric epithelium in the formation of sex cords, which are