This is the free portion of the full article. The full article is available to licensed users only.
How do I get access?

Benign Diseases of the Vulva

Developmental Abnormalities
Inflammatory Diseases of Vulvar Skin
Noninfectious Papulosquamous Dermatoses
Bullous Diseases
Depigmentation and Hypopigmented Disorders
Pigment Disorders of Melanocytic Origin and Nevi
Benign Solid Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions
Benign Squamous Epithelial Tumors
Glandular Tumors
Miscellaneous Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions
Benign Lesions of the Urethra
Periurethral Cysts


The external female genitalia include the mons pubis, labia majora and minora, prepuce, frenulum, clitoris, and vestibule. The orifices of the paraurethral (Skene) and Bartholin glands, as well as those of the minor vestibular glands and the urethral meatus, open into the vestibule (Fig. 1.1 ). After menarche, the mons pubis and lateral aspects of the labia majora acquire increased amounts of subcutaneous fat and develop the coarse, curly pubic hair. During adolescence, the labia develop pigmentation and the clitoris