- Free Articles
- Disaster Aftermath Encyclopedia of Public Health
- Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Pediatric Nephrology
- Cellular Electrophysiology Comprehensive Electrocardiology
- Alzheimer's Dementia Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
- Neglect Syndrome Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology
- More Free Articles
Calcification, Intracranial, Neonatal
Pathological calcification of the newborn brain is detected on plain radiography or CT examination. The numerous causes include perinatal toxoplasmosis, others i.e. HIV, rubella, cytomegalovirus, herpes (TORCH) infections, metabolic abnormalities, vascular disease, brain infarction, tumours and neurophakomatoses.
The pathology in neonatal intracranial calcification varies with the underlying cause.
Each one is discussed in more detail elsewhere in this section.
Some infants with congenital infection, in particular cytomegalovirus present with a small head circumference and infants with toxoplasmosis may have hydrocephalus ( 1) All these infections are generalised infections and the infants may have skin rashes and haemorrhages, hepatosplenomegaly, chorioretinitis and pneumonitis.
The diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis depends on detecting the characteristic